A fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is when stool is taken from a healthy donor, made into a liquid mixture and transferred into the colon of a sick patient, to introduce helpful bacteria.
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is when stool from a healthy donor is made into a liquid mixture and transferred into the colon of a different person to try to reintroduce or boost helpful organisms. FMT is primarily used to treat Clostridioides difficile (C. diff) infection that has occurred multiple times despite adequate antibiotic treatment, though there is ongoing research to find out if FMT may work for other health issues.
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If you are considering FMT, ask your doctor if he or she participates in the AGA FMT National Registry data collection project. Our goal is to track 4,000 patients for 10 years. The data we collect will allow us to identify potential short-term adverse outcomes and to search for long-term safety concerns, such as development of chronic conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, obesity and diabetes. Please contribute to advancing the future of FMT.
Though the procedures for FMT will depend on the health of the recipient and the preferences of the doctor doing the transplant, there are many things recipients and donors will have to do to get ready. Because the long-term results of FMT are not known, the FDA needs an informed-consent form signed by the recipient.