Gastroparesis, or delayed gastric emptying, is when your stomach has trouble clearing out its contents because of damaged stomach muscles. Diabetes is the most frequently identified disease linked to gastroparesis.
In diabetic gastroparesis, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose, a type of sugar that your body uses for fuel) can harm your stomach muscles, and nerves of the interstitial cells of Cajal, which help your stomach muscles move. Diabetes can also injure your blood vessels. As a result, your nerves do not get the oxygen and nutrients they need.
Delayed gastric emptying can also affect blood glucose levels and control of diabetes. How fast or slow the stomach empties can change how your body absorbs the carbohydrates and fats (the main nutrients that provide the body with energy) that are eaten.
Diabetic gastroparesis is a chronic condition. There is no cure, but the condition can be managed. With medicines, changes to your diet, and other forms of treatment, you can learn to take charge and control your condition, so you can do more things that matter to you.
Sometimes, even with treatment, problems can happen that can upset how well you are managing your condition. In addition to those that might happen with diabetes, diabetic gastroparesis can cause:
Controlling your diabetes is one of the most important things you can do to improve your stomach function and symptoms. When your diabetes is under control, your risk for other problems throughout your whole body lessens, too. Use these tips to make the most of your diabetes management plan: